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Egbert de Vries

Professor Egbert de Vries was a prominent agricultural scientist in the latter years of the Dutch Colonial. In 1934, Professor Egbert de Vries was the second initiator of Transmigration program in Indonesia after Soekarno. Transmigration from Java Island to outside Java was implemented in order to reduce poverty. Interestingly, he is quite famous during the colonial era in which he provided first hand information about the economic situation in Indonesia. Indeed, as a consultant to the Indonesian government, he revisited Indonesia several times in the 1960s to 1970s. He is also in a position furnish first hand observations about changes in socioeconomic policy and development in Indonesia over more than 65 years.

He was born in 1901 in Grijpskerke (Zeeland, The Netherlands) and he was the head of the Economic Resource Section and economic adviser to The World Bank in Washington DC. Instead of as Chairman of the Netherlands Universities Foundation for International Cooperation (NUFFIC), Egbert de Vries was the first full-time rector of the ISS during ten years (1956-1966), well-known as ‘rector magnificus’. He was also as Emeritus Professor in International Development at the University of Pittsburgh. The Institute of Social Studies also awarded its honorary doctorate to Egbert de Vries in 1966.

In 1979, Professor De Vries was invited by The Ford Foundation to revisit the places in Java and North Sumatera where he had worked during the pre-war years. In his observation, he found that specific circumstances such as geography and available labour were the reason of complicatedly indigenous agriculture. He also adopted an individual extension approach that could concentrate on outstanding farmers, who could become pioneering example for their colleagues.

Bibliography

Books

Eglises et développement : une analyse de leur action scolaire, sanitaire et sociale dans le "Tiers monde" / Egbert de Vries et François Houtart / E. de VRIES F. HOUTART;. - Bruxelles ; La Haie ; Louvain : Centre de Documentation sur l'Action des Églises dans le Monde; Institute of Social Studies; FERES : Fédération Internationale des Instituts de Recherches Socio-religieuses, 1970.

Essays on the economic development of Africa : first series of annual lectures on development organized by the Bank of Sudan, Khartoum / by Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - The Hague: Mouton, 1968.

World population, food demand and agricultural sciences during the last fifty years / Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - Wageningen : Landbouwhogeschool, 1968

Program formulation and implementation / by Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - [S.l. : s.n.], [ca. 1968].

Essays on reciprocity / ed. by Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - The Hague : Mouton ; ISS, 1968.

The agro-economic survey in Indonesia 1965-1968 : a summary report of activities / by Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - The Hague : ISS, 1968.

Social research and rural life in Cntral America, Mexico and the Caribbean region / ed. by Egbert de Vries in co-operation with P. Gonzales Casanova / E. de VRIES P. GONZALES CASANOVA;. - Paris : UNESCO, 1966.

Investigación sociológica y vida rural en América central, México y la región del Caribe : actas del seminario organizado por la Unesco en cooperación con la Comisión Económica de las Naciones Unidas para América Latina, México, D.F., 17-27 de octubre de 1962 / edición preparada por Egbert de Vries y P. González Casanova / E. de VRIES P. GONZALES CASANOVA;. - Paris : UNESCO.

Developing a development institute / Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - Paris ; The Hague : OECD ; ISS, 1965.

Institutions for agricultural credit in the ECAFE region : report on a seminar organized by the United Nations and the Food and Agriculture Organization / by Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES UN ; FAO ; ECAFE. - The Hague : ISS, 1963.

Economic and social aspects of lower Mekong development : a report / by Gilbert F. White, Egbert de Vries, Harold B. Dunkerley ..[et al.] / G.F. WHITE E. de VRIES; H.B. DUNKERLEY;. - Bangkok : s.n., 1962.

Essays on unbalanced growth : a century of disparity and convergence / ed. by Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES L.J. ZIMMERMAN; J.A. PONSIOEN; J. in 't VELD;. - The Hague : Mouton ; ISS, 1962.

Study and research concerning international relations and exchanges in the fields of education, science and culture / Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - Paris : UNESCO, 1961.

Man in rapid social change / by Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - Garden City, New York : Doubleday for the World Council of Churches, 1961.

Social aspects of economic development in Latin America : papers submitted to the Expert Working Group on Social Aspects of Economic Development in Latin America, Mexico City, 12 to 21 December 1960 / edited by Egbert de Vries, José Medina Echavarría and Benjamin Higgins / E. de VRIES J. MEDINA ECHAVARRíA; B. HIGGINS;. - Paris : UNESCO.

Population growth and christian responsability / Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - [S.l : s.n.], 1960.

The balance between agriculture and industry in economic development / Egbert de Vries / E. de VRIES. - Washington, DC [etc.] : World Bank, 1954.

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Articles

Pertanian dan kemiskinan di Jawa/ Egbert de Vries/ Indonesia : Buku Obor; 1985

Man in Community / Egbert de Vries/ New York: Association Press, 1967

Man in Community, Christioan Concern for the Human in Changing Society/ Egbert de Vries (Ed)/ New York: Association Press, 1966

Social research and rural life in Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean region, proceedings of a seminar organized by Unesco in co-operation with the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America, Mexico City, 17-27 October 1962/ Egbert de Vries and Pablo González Casanova / Unesco, United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America: Paris, 1966

Social aspects of rural extension / Egbert de Vries/ Sept. 1962; Meetings: Mexico City; 1962.

Labor Standards and Wages in Agriculture in Underdeveloped Countries/ Egbert de Vries/ Journal of Farm Economics, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 540-542 ; Published by: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of the American Agricultural Economics Association; 1956.

Landbouw En Welvaart in Het Regentschap Pasoeroean: Bijdrage Tot De Kennis Van De Sociale Economie Van Java [Volume 2]/ Egbert de Vries/ Wageningen: H. Veenman, 1931

World Food Crisis and Agricultural Trade Problems / Egbert de Vries/ the Washington Paper

Other resources

An Observer of 65 Years of Socio-Economic Change in Indonesia: Egbert De Vries/ Pierre van der Eng/ Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies/University of Groningen: The Netherlands; 1991.

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