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Jan Tinbergen

Jan Tinbergen (1903 – 1994) was the eldest of five children of Dirk Cornelis Tinbergen and Jeannette van Eek. From 1929 till 1945 he worked, in addition to his professorship at Erasmus University Rotterdam, for the Dutch statistical office. He was also consultant to the League of Nations. From 1945 till 1955 he served as the first director of the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis. Jan Tinbergen was a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science and of the International Academy of Science. In 1956 he founded the Econometric Institute at the Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam together with Henri Theil, who also was his successor in Rotterdam. The Tinbergen Institute was named in his honour.

Tinbergen became known for his 'Tinbergen Norm', which states that if the difference between the lowest and highest income in a company exceeds a rate of 1:5, that will not help the company and may indeed be counterproductive.

Tinbergen developed the first national comprehensive macroeconomic model, which he first built for the Netherlands and later applied to the United States and the United Kingdom after World War II.

Jan Tinbergen received his ISS Honorary Doctor in 1962.

Bibliography

Books

The future of democratic socialism. / Tinbergen, J., & Berkouwer, J. / Rotterdam [etc.]: Barjesteh, Meeuwes, 1994.

Tinbergen lectures on economic policy. Tinbergen, J., Knoester, A., & Wellink, A. H. E. M. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1993.

Entering the third millennium: some suggestions / Jan Tinbergen / Rotterdam: 1993.

World security and equity / Jan Tinbergen / Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1990

Warfare and welfare: integrating security policy into socio-economic policy / Jan Tinbergen and Dietrich Fischer / New York Wheatsheaf ; St. Martin’s Press, 1987

Revitalizing the United Nations system. / Tinbergen, J. / Waging peace series, booklet 13. Santa Barbara, CA (1187 Coast Village Road, Suite 123, Santa Barbara CA 93108): Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, 1987.

Production, income and welfare: the search for an optimal social order / Jan Tinbergen / Brighton : Wheatsheaf, 1985

The world crisis how to serve the interests of the south? / Tinbergen, J. / RIS occasional paper, no. 3. New Delhi: Research and Information System for the Non-aligned and Other Developing Countries, 1984.

The scarcity earnings theory illustrated by Rumbergers̕ skill requirements study. / Tinbergen, J. / Discussion paper series, 8202/G. Rotterdam: Erasmus university. Institute for economic research, 1982.

Development cooperation as a learning process. / Tinbergen, J. / Washington: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/ World Bank, 1982. Market-determined and residual incomes: some dilemmas. / Tinbergen, J., & Kol, J. / Reprint series, no. 60. Rotterdam: Erasmus University, Centre for Development Planning, 1980.

Reviewing the International Order (RIO): interim report / Jan Tinbergen, coordinator / Rotterdam : Bouwcentrum International Education, 1976

Reshaping the international order : a report to the Club of Rome / Jan Tinbergen, coordinator, Antony J. Dolman, editor, Jan van Ettinger, director / Foundation Reshaping the International Order (RIO). - New York, NY : Dutton, 1976

The role of multinational companies in the perspective of a new international order: debate at ECSIM : meeting held in Brussels, on 18th November 1976. / Tinbergen, J. / Brussels: CORTI, 1976.

Reshaping the international order: [lecture/by] Jan Tinbergen. / Tinbergen, J. / Geneva: International Institute for Labour Studies, 1976.

Actual vs. optimal income distribution in a three-level education model /Jan Tinbergen / Rotterdam: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Centrum voor Ontwikkelingsprogrammering, 1975.

Income distribution: analysis and policies / Jan Tinbergen / Amsterdam : North-Holland, 1975.

The responsability of transnational enterprises. / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: Erasmus university Rotterdam, Centre for Development Planning, 1975.

Population problems and catholic responsibility : report / with contribution from Jan Tinbergen ...[et al.] / Tilburg : [Katholieke Hogeschool], Development Research Institute, 1974

Exhaustion and technological development: a macro-dynamic policy model. / Tinbergen, J. / Reprint series, no. 18. Rotterdam: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, 1974.

Econometrics and economic theory: essays in honour of Jan Tinbergen. / Tinbergen, J., & Sellekaerts, W./ White Plains, N.Y.: International Arts and Sciences Press, 1974.

The Meadows trauma: what to do? / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: Erasmus University, 1974.

Actual feasible and optimal income inequality in a three-level education model. / Tinbergen, J. / Reprint series, no. 17. Rotterdam: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, 1974.

Substitution of graduate by other labour. / Tinbergen, J. / Reprint series, no. 20. Rotterdam: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, 1974.

Economic structure and development. Essays in honour of Jan Tinbergen / Tinbergen, J., Bos, H. C., Linnemann, H., & Wolff, P. d. / Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub., 1973.

An interdisciplinary approach to the measurement of utility or welfare. / Tinbergen, J. / Reprint series, no. 10. Rotterdam: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, 1973.

The necessity of quantitative social research. / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: Centrum voor Ontwikkelingsprogrammering van de Erasmus Universiteit, 1973

Income inequality: past, present, outlook. / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: Centrum voor Ontwikkelingsprogrammering van de Erasmus Universiteit, 1973.

Income distribution over education levels: a simple model. / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: Centrum voor Ontwikkelingsprogrammering van de Erasmus Universiteit, 1973.

Factors determining income distribution. / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: Centrum voor Ontwikkelingsprogrammering van de Erasmus Universiteit, 1973.

The impact of education on income distribution. / Tinbergen, J. / Reprint series, no. 9. Rotterdam: Netherlands School of Economics, 1972.

An interdisciplinary approach to the measurement of utility of welfare. / Tinbergen, J. / Dublin: Economic and Social Research Institute, 1972.

Can income inequality be reduced further? / Jan Tinbergen / Meisenheim am Glan : Anton Hain, 1972

Administrative issues in developing economies / edited by Kenneth J. Rothwell / K.J. Rothwell A.F. Leemans; F.W. Riggs; J. Tinbergen; J.F. Glastra van Loon; A.R. Cohen;. - Lexington, MS : Lexington Books, 1972.

Changes in the international order and natural resources. / Tinbergen, J. / Milan: Montedison, Gruppo Ferruzzi, 1972.

Towards a better international economic order. / Tinbergen, J. / New York: United Nations Institute for Training and Research, 1971.

Research on a new international industrial structure. / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: Nederlandse Economische Hogeschool, 1971.

A didactical note on the two-gap theory. / Tinbergen, J. / Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.

Some work experiences. / Tinbergen, J. / Uppsala: Almqvist and Wiksells, 1970.

Some thoughts on mature socialism. / Tinbergen, J. / New Delhi: Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund, 1970.

The theory of local government. / Tinbergen, J. & Langrod, G. / Hanover, N.H.: Dartmouth College, 1970.

The use of models: experience and prospects: Nobel lecture. / Tinbergen, J. / Stockholm: Norstedt, 1970.

Towards accelerated development : proposals for the second United Nations development decade : report of the Committee for Development Planning / [under the chairmanship of Jan Tinbergen] ; United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs / UN. Dept. of Economic and Social Affairs. Committee for Development Planning. - New York : UN, 1970.

On the international division of labour. / Tinbergen, J. / Stockholm: Federation of Swedish Industries, 1970.

Towards accelerated development: proposals for the second United Nations development decade : report of the Committee for Development Planning. / Tinbergen, J./ New York: United Nations, 1970.

Towards balanced international growth. Essays presented to J. Tinbergen. / Tinbergen, J., & Bos, H. C. / Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub., 1969.

Statistical testing of business-cycle theories / Tinbergen, J. / New York: Agathon Press,1968.

Economic policy, principles and design. Contributions to economic analysis, v. 10. / Tinbergen, J. / Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub., 1967.

Gunnar Myrdal on planning models : a lecture given at the U.N. Asian Institute for Economic Development and Planning / Jan Tinbergen / Bangkok : United Nations Asian Institute for Economic Development and Planning, 1969.

Business Cycles in the United States of America, 1919- 1932 / Tinbergen, J. / Geneva, League of Nations, 1939 and (reprinted) New York, 1968

A method of regional planning. / Tinbergen, J. / Karachi: Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, 1967.

The element of space in development planning / by L.B.M. Mennes, J. Tinbergen, J.G. Waardenburg / Rotterdam : Stichting Het Nederlandsch Economisch Instituut, Div. of Balanced International Growth, 1967

Development planning / Jan Tinbergen / London : World University Library, 1967.

Essays in regional and world planning. / Tinbergen, J. / New Delhi: National Council of Applied Economic Research, 1966.

International, national, regional, and local industries. / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: N.E.I.'s Division of Balanced International Growth, 1966.

Econometric models of education. / Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, & Tinbergen, J. / Paris: O.E.C.D., 1965.

International economic integration / by Jan Tinbergen / 2nd., rev. ed. - Amsterdam [etc.] : Elsevier, 1965

Some principles of regional planning. / Tinbergen, J./ Rotterdam: Netherlands Economic Institute, 1965.

Central planning / by Jan Tinbergen / New Haven : Yale University Press. 1964.

Development planning: the sector phase, with different gestation periods. / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: Netherlands Economic Institute, 1964.

Introductory remarks on the "ization problems". / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: N.E.I.'s Division of Balanced International Growth, 1963.

The European Economic Community : conservative or progressive? / by Jan Tinbergen / Stockholm [etc.] : Almqvist & Wiksell, 1963.

The trend towards integration. / Tinbergen, J. / Athens: Center of Economic Research, 1963

Lessons from the past / by Jan Tinbergen / Amsterdam [etc.] : Elsevier, 1963

World, nations, and groups in development : a series of three lectures delivered on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, October 1962 / Peter Kuenstler, M.T. Ramzi, J. Tinbergen / The Hague : Mouton ; ISS, 1963

The appraisal of investment projects / Jan Tinbergen / Rotterdam : [s.n.], 1963.

Planning Possibilities In European Economic Community / Jan Tinbergen / Cairo : Institute of National Planning, 1962.

Shaping the world economy : suggestions for an international economic policy / by Jan Tinbergen / New York, NY : Twentieth Century Fund, 1962.

Mathematical models of economic growth / Jan Tinbergen, Hendricus C. Bos / New York [etc.] : McGraw-Hill, 1962.

The global demand for education in the underdeveloped countries. / Tinbergen, J. / Paris: Organisation for European Economic Co-operation, 1961.

Econometrics. London: Allen & UnwinTinbergen, J. (1963). The trend towards integration. / Tinbergen, J. / Athens: Center of Economic Research, 1961.

Econometrics. / Tinbergen, J. / London: Allen & Unwin, 1961.

Some suggestions on a modern theory of the optimum regime. / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam: Nederlandse Economische Hogeschool, 1960.

The European Community and the underdeveloped countries / J. Tinbergen and the Documentation Centre of the Action Committee for the United States of Europe / Action Committee for the United States of Europe. Documentation Centre. - [S.l.] : Documentation Centre of the Action Committee for the United States of Europe, 1959

Selected papers / Jan Tinbergen ; edited by L.H. Klaassen, L.M. Koyck and H.J. Witteveen / Amsterdam : North-Holland, 1959.

Trends in international trade : report by a panel of experts / [Roberto de Oliveira Campos ; Jan Tinbergen a.o. ; under the chairmanship of Gottfried von Haberler] / Geneva : General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1958

The design of development / Jan Tinbergen / IBRD. Baltimore, MD : Johns Hopkins Press, 1958

Quantitative economics in the Netherlands. / Tinbergen, J., & Theil, H. / Rotterdam: Econometric Institute, 1958.

Observations on the planned provision of nitrogen fertilizer for the world / by J. Tinbergen, L.H. Klaassen and E.H. Mulder Leiden ; Rotterdam : Stenfert Kroese ; Netherlands Economic Institute (NEI), 1956.

Economic policy : principles and design / by J. Tinbergen / Amsterdam : North-Holland, 1956.

Observations on the planned provision of nitrogen fertilizer for the world. / Tinbergen, J. / Leiden: H.E. Stenfert Kroese, 1956.

On the theory of economic policy / by J. Tinbergen / 2nd ed. Amsterdam : North-Holland, 1955.

Centralization and Decentralization in Economic Policy, Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1954

The influence of productivity on economic welfare. The Hague: Central planning bureau, 1952.

Business cycles in the United Kingdom, 1870-1914 / by J. Tinbergen / - Amsterdam : North-Holland, 1951.

Econometrics / by J. Tinbergen / London : Allen & Unwin, 1951.

The dynamics of business cycles: a study in economic fluctuations / by Jan Tinbergen and J.J. Polak / London : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1950.

International economic co-operation / by Jan Tinbergen, Breitenstein, P. H., & Inglis, A. E / Amsterdam [etc.] : Elsevier, 1945.

A method and its application to investment activity. / Tinbergen, J. / Geneva: League of Nations Economic Intelligence Service, 1939.

Business cycles in the United States of America, 1919-1932. / Tinbergen, J. / Series of League of Nations publications, 1939. II. A. 16. Geneva: League of Nations, Economic Intelligence Service, 1939

An econometric approach to business cycle problems. / Tinbergen, J. / Paris: Hermann, 1937.

International abstract of economic statistics, 1919-1930. / International Conference of Economic Services, & Tinbergen, J./ London: International Conference of Economic Services, 1934.

Minimumproblemen in de natuurkunde en de ekonomie / Tinbergen, J. / Amsterdam: H.J. Paris, 1929.

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Articles

Problems of planning economic policy / Tinbergen, J. / International Social Science Journal. 50 (3), 335.

Is 0.7% development assistance enough? / Tinbergen, J. / Social Indicators Research. 39 (3), 307, 1996.

Economists for peace. / Tinbergen, J. / Disarmament : a Periodic Review. 92, 200-209, 1986

Políticas económicas internacionales necesarias para estimular el desarrollo del Tercer Mundo. / Tinbergen, J. / 1981.

Progress for developing countries / articles by Jan Tinbergen ... [et al.] / Ipswich : Unilever, 1970. - 43 p.Various articles from Progress, the Unilever quarterly. 1968/1970

La communauté européenne et les pays sous-développés : annexe statistique / Tinbergen, J. / Rotterdam, Centre de documentation du Comité d'action pour les États-Unis dÉurope, 1970.

The Use of Models: Experience and Prospects. Prize lecture on the inauguration for the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in December 12, 1969

Links between national planning and town and country planning / J. Tinbergen/ International Union of local authorities. Symposium on urbanization, 1967.

Convergence of economic systems in East and West : research on the international economics of disarmament and arms control (RIEDAC), Oslo conference August 29-31,1965 / H. Linnemann, J.P. Pronk, and J. Tinbergen / Rotterdam : Netherlands Economic Institute (NEI), Division of Balanced International Growth, 1965. - ii, 25 p..- (NEI publication, series_number: no. 30/65)

Possibilities for Application of Operational Research to Problems of Development / J. Tinbergen / Management Science, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Jan., 1964), pp. 193-197

The importance of decentralization in economic policy and development. / Tinbergen, J./ Local Government, Sept.-Oct., 1964, Vol. 3:5, Pp. 88-89; with Port.

Economy and Economics of the East-European Countries: Development and Applicability (The Proceedings of a Seminar) / J. Tinbergen / Soviet Studies, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Jan., 1962), pp. 324-327

Optimum Savings and Utility Maximization Over Time / J. Tinbergen / Econometrica, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Apr., 1960), pp. 481-489

The Appraisal of Road Construction: Two Calculation Schemes / J. Tinbergen / The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Aug., 1957), pp. 241-249

The Optimum Rate of Saving / J. Tinbergen / The Economic Journal, Vol. 66, No. 264 (Dec., 1956), pp. 603-609

Investment criteria and economic growth : papers presented at a conference sponsored jointly by the Center for International Studies and the Social Science Research Council, October ... 1954 / [Contributors: Jan Tinbergen ... et al.] / - Bombay : Asia Publishing House

The Functions of Mathematical Treatment / J. Tinbergen / The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 36, No. 4 (Nov., 1954), pp. 365-369

Planification et Liberté: Dans l'analyse economique generale et l'experience des Pays-Bas / J. Tinbergen /Revue économique, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Mar., 1953), pp. 245-261

Four Alternative Policies to Restore Balance of Payments Equilibrium - A Comment and an Extension / J. Tinbergen, H. M. A. van der Werff / Econometrica, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr., 1953), pp. 332-335

Toward Partial Redirection of Econometrics: Comments / T. C. Koopmans, J. Tinbergen, Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen, Guy H. Orcutt / The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 34, No. 3 (Aug., 1952), pp. 200-213

Four Alternative Policies to Restore Balance of Payments Equilibrium / J. Tinbergen / Econometrica, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul., 1952), pp. 372-390

The Influence of Productivity on Economic Welfare / J. Tinbergen / The Economic Journal, Vol. 62, No. 245 (Mar., 1952), pp. 68-86

Les aspects neerlandais du probleme de l'equilibre international en longue periode /J. Tinbergen / Revue économique, Vol. 2, No. 3 (May, 1951), pp. 298-304

Schumpeter and Quantitative Research in Economics / J. Tinbergen / The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 33, No. 2 (May, 1951), pp. 109-111

Note on the Measurement of Elasticity of Substitution in International Trade: A Reply / J. Tinbergen / The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Feb., 1950), pp. 20-21

Some Remarks on the Problem of Dollar Scarcity / J. Tinbergen / Econometrica, Vol. 17, Supplement: Report of the Washington Meeting (Jul., 1949), pp. 73-97

Recent Experiments in Social Accounting: Flexible and Dynamic Budgets / J. Tinbergen, J. B. D. Derksen / Econometrica, Vol. 17, Supplement: Report of the Washington Meeting (Jul., 1949), pp. 195-204

The Practice of Economic Planning and The Optimum Allocation of Resources: Discussion / Francois Perroux, J. Tinbergen, Jacques Rueff, Evsey D. Domar, E. F. Lundberg, M. Kalecki, J. Zagorski, K. Dalal / Econometrica, Vol. 17, Supplement: Report of the Washington Meeting (Jul., 1949), pp. 172-178

Central Planning in the Netherlands /J. Tinbergen / The Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 15, No. 2 (1947 - 1948), pp. 70-77

The Use of Correlation Analysis in Economic Research / J. Tinbergen / Ekonomisk Tidskrift, Årg. 49, n:r 3 (Sep., 1947), pp. 173-192

Some Problems in the Explanation of Interest Rates / J. Tinbergen / The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 61, No. 3 (May, 1947), pp. 397-438

Quelques estimations de l'influence des contingentements 1933-1938 sur l'emploi aux Pays-Bas / J. Tinbergen / Revue de l'Institut International de Statistique / Review of the International Statistical Institute, Vol. 15, No. 1/4 (1947), pp. 8-23

Some Measurements of Elasticities of Substitution / J. Tinbergen / The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Aug., 1946), pp. 109-116

Colin Clark's "Economics of 1960" / J. Tinbergen / Revue de l'Institut International de Statistique / Review of the International Statistical Institute, Vol. 12, No. 1/4 (1944), pp. 1-4

Critical Remarks on Some Business-Cycle Theories / J. Tinbergen / Econometrica, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Apr., 1942), pp. 129-146

Does Consumption Lag Behind Incomes? / J. Tinbergen / The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Feb., 1942), pp. 1-8

Professor Douglas' Production Function / J. Tinbergen / Revue de l'Institut International de Statistique / Review of the International Statistical Institute, Vol. 10, No. 1/2 (1942), pp. 37-48

Unstable and Indifferent Equilibria in Economic Systems / J. Tinbergen / Revue de l'Institut International de Statistique / Review of the International Statistical Institute, Vol. 9, No. 1/2 (1941), pp. 36-50

Econometric Business Cycle Research / J. Tinbergen / The Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2 (Feb., 1940), pp. 73-90

On a Method of Statistical Business-Cycle Research. A Reply J. Tinbergen/ The Economic Journal, Vol. 50, No. 197 (Mar., 1940), pp. 141-154

A Simplified Model of the Causation of Technological Unemployment /J. Tinbergen, P. de Wolff / Econometrica, Vol. 7, No. 3 (Jul., 1939), pp. 193-207

The Dynamics of Share-Price Formation / J. Tinbergen / The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 21, No. 4 (Nov., 1939), pp. 153-160

Statistical Evidence on the Acceleration Principle. / J. Tinbergen / Economica, New Series, Vol. 5, No. 18 (May, 1938), pp. 164-176

On the Theory of Business-Cycle Control / J. Tinbergen / Econometrica, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Jan., 1938), pp. 22-39

Sur la détermination statistique de la position d'équilibre cyclique / J. Tinbergen / Revue de l'Institut International de Statistique / Review of the International Statistical Institute, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Jul., 1936), pp. 173-188

Annual Survey: Suggestions on Quantitative Business Cycle Theory / J. Tinbergen / Econometrica, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul., 1935), pp. 241-308

Annual Survey of Significant Developments in General Economic Theory / J. Tinbergen / Econometrica, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jan., 1934), pp. 13-36

Les recherches relatives a la Conjoncture au Bureau Central de Statistique des Pays-Bas / H. W. Methorst, J. Tinbergen / Revue de l'Institut International de Statistique / Review of the International Statistical Institute, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Apr., 1934), pp. 37-55

The Notions of Horizon and Expectancy in Dynamic Economics / J. Tinbergen / Econometrica, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Jul., 1933), pp. 247-264

L'utilisation des équations fonctionnelles et des nombres complexes dans les recherches économiques / J. Tinbergen / Econometrica, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Jan., 1933), pp. 36-51

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Other resources

Tinbergen Institute. The Tinbergen Institute is established in 1987 in honour to the work and dedication of Jan Tinbergen.

Erasmus School of Economics at Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Jan Tibergen was Professor at the Netherlands School of Economics Rotterdam (now Erasmus School of Economics at Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam) from 1933, fulltime from 1956 onwards.

Central Planning Bureau of Netherlands; Jan Tinbergen was Director of Central Planning Bureau of Netherlands, 1945-1955

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