House style

Current facets (Pre-Master)

Development and Change uses the following style:
  • For the main text, use Times New Roman, 12 point, 1.5 line spacing. For footnotes, use Times New Roman, 11 point, single line spacing. Set the alignment as ‘left’ (not justified).
  • Use British and ‘z’ spellings (e.g. ‘labour’, ‘centre’, ‘organize’; but beware of Greek words such as ‘analyse’, ‘paralyse’). If in doubt, refer to the Oxford English Dictionary.
  • Use single quotation marks. For quotations within quotations, use double marks. Indent quotations of more than 60 words, without quotation marks. For quotations from other publications, always provide page number(s) for the quotation, however short.
  • Take out points in USA, OECD, Ms, Dr and other such abbreviations.
  • When using an acronym for the first time, the full name should be provided (with the acronym in parentheses).
  • Dates should be in the form of 9 March 2007.
  • Use the smallest possible number of numerals (whilst still retaining clarity) when referring to pagination and dates (e.g. 10–19, 42–5, 1961–4, 1961–75). Use an en rule rather than a hyphen between the numbers.
  • In the text, spell out numbers from one to ninety-nine, use numerals for 100 and over (but when they appear in one phrase, use all numerals, e.g. ‘between 85 and 110 …’).
  • Always use numerals for percentages (75 per cent) and units of measurement (13 km, US$ 40,000, £ 6 billion).
  • Spell out ‘per cent’ (not ‘percent’) in the text. The symbol % is acceptable in tables.
  • Terms such as ‘policy making’ and ‘decision making’ are hyphenated only when used as an adjective (e.g. ‘this led to new policy-making processes’), but not when used as a noun (e.g. ‘women are often excluded from decision making’).