The distinguishing feature of the research group is a critical political economy approach that looks at population and economic transitions that have emerged from changes in agriculture and rural areas. It examines the changing nature of access to resources, environmental degradation, poverty dynamics, vulnerability, exclusion, and social/gender differentiation in these transitions.

For example, these include looking at why young people do not want to farm anymore, the shift in gender power relations in the land rights disputes, the impact of migration to urban areas, and the issue of ‘surplus population’.