Land Core Group – Myanmar
We have a common vision of pro-poor land reform, and to achieve this The Land Core Group (LCG) was formed in 2011 as one of the network groupings under the Food Security Working Group, consisting of LNGOs, INGOs, and concerned individuals. LCG has a 3 year programme plan whose goal is ‘Laws, policies and institutions for land and natural resource access are formulated and effectively implemented to support sustainable economic, social and environmental development that balances the contributions of smallholder farmers and large-scale investment to national growth.’
What do LCG members do to achieve this goal?
- build alliances with diverse stakeholders from civil society to government. They also work with and influence farmers organizations, civil society, government and the private sector to better protect the land rights of smallholder farmers e.g. for improvement of the new land laws
- work to raise public awareness through high level public meetings such as the November 2012, National Land Symposium
- work to strengthen knowledge on land issues by developing information / education materials. To this effect we have developed a land based training curriculum with supporting information materials to support training of trainers and farmers on their rights under the law.
- build capacity by conducting trainings with CBO’s and farmers on land laws.
Lastly LCG works with the media to raise the profile of land issues in Myanmar and to encourage open public discussion and debate
Issues of access to, ownership of and control over land and natural resources are recognized as a key factor which underpins development work in many sectors. Land is the basis for productive livelihoods for up to 70% of the people living in Myanmar who are mostly dependant on farming and fishing. Land tenure security for smallholder farmers is a critical foundation for the sustainable economic, social and environmental development of the nation. Myanmar’s current political and economic reform and gradual transition to a market economy presents both opportunities and threats to rural livelihoods. Land tenure and use rights are threatened by weak institutional frameworks for equitable access to land, increased land grabbing and speculation by both domestic and foreign investors, and outdated colonial land categorization. Strong government commitment, wide stakeholder consultation processes, and the voice of farmers and civil society are critical for creation of pro-poor economic policies and institutions that benefit smallholder farmers. The Land Core Group is and will continue to work on behalf of all Myanmar’s smallholder farmers to realize these outcomes.