Mining reforms, gender and state performance in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Does artisanal mining in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo feed sexual and other violence, conflict, underdevelopment and poverty? What impact, if any, have recent reforms had? This article attempts and answer.
In this article, Dr Sylvia Bergh, Dr Claude Iguma Wakenge, Dr Marie Rose Bashwira Nyenyezi and Dr Jeroen Cuvelier analyze the recent reforms in the governing structures of the Congolese artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector. They base their analysis on a systematic review of recent findings on the changing role of the state governing ASM mining.
They argue that in the study areas (i.e. North-Kivu, South-Kivu and Tanganyika), the challenges faced by the state in governing artisanal mining tend to be similar, complex and rooted in the mining history of eastern DRC. Recent armed conflicts have only added to existing challenges.
They conclude that the state has succeeded in some areas but has failed in putting in place a coherent ‘model’ for governing the ASM sector.
Read the full article - 'From ‘conflict minerals’ to peace? Reviewing mining reforms, gender, and state performance in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo' in The Extractive Industries and Society