PhD defence by Emile Smidt

Beyond Militarized Conservation: The policy labour regime and its effects in the Kruger National Park
PhD student

Emile Smidt

Thursday 7 Jul 2022, 17:00 - 18:30
PhD defence
Spoken Language
Aula B and livestream
International Institute of Social Studies
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On 7 July 2022, Emile Smidt will defend his PhD thesis taking a critical look at conservation policing in the Kruger National Park in South Africa.

Emile Smidt argues that we adopt an expanded conceptualization of police, one that goes beyond the everyday policing functions of field rangers and that the use of force involved in these enforcement duties works in conjunction with forms of power.

His thesis proposes to move the debate of violence in conservation beyond that of militarized conservation and focuses our attention to how police, in its wider meaning, shapes the conservation workplace and in what ways it intersects with characterizations of the broader South African workplace, typified by structural features that perpetuate low wages, precarity and racism.

Watch the defence live

PhD defence Emile Smidt - Livestream

Doctoral Board


Professor Inge Hutter

Doctoral dissertation supervisors

Professor Wil Hout
Professor Bram Buscher, Wageningen University and Research

Members of the Full Doctoral Committee

Dr Frank Matose, University of Cape Town
Professor David Bunn, University of British Columbia
Professor Hanne Svarstad Oslo Metropolitan University
Professor Marja Spierenburg, Leiden University
Professor Murat Arsel, ISS

More information

The ceremony will begin promptly at 17.00 hrs in the Aula of the ISS, Kortenaerkade 12, The Hague. The doors will be closed after the start of the Public Defence, but will be briefly opened after the candidate’s introduction to allow latecomers to enter.

Children under 7 years old are not allowed in the Aula during the first part of the ceremony.

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