Published as part of the Journal on Feminist Economics, this article provides a critical review of the behavioral economics literature on gender differences using key feminist concepts, including roles, stereotypes, identities, beliefs, context factors, and the interaction of men’s and women’s behaviors in mixed-gender settings.
The article co-authored by Professor Irene van Staveren, assesses both statistical significance and economic significance of the reported behavioral differences in gender.
Few studies report statistically significant as well as sizeable differences – often, but not always, with gender differences in the expected direction. Many studies have not sufficiently taken account of various social, cultural, and ideological drivers behind gender differences in behavior, which is looked at in this paper.
The publication is an part of the the Journal on Feminist Economics which is an international scholarly journal of the International Association for Feminist Economics.
About the authors
Irene van Staveren is Professor of Pluralist Development Economics at the International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University, Rotterdam and Esther-Mirjam Sent is Professor of Economic Theory and Policy at Radboud University Nijmegen and Senator for the Labour Party.