Raúl Prebisch (1901–1986) was an Argentine economist known for his contribution to structuralist economics, in particular the Prebisch-Singer hypothesis that formed the basis of economic dependency theory.
Prebisch joined the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) where he was the Executive Secretary from 1950 to 1963. He was Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) from 1964 to 1969. In 1977 he received a Honorary Fellowship at the Institute of Social Studies.
He is known primarily for his work in international and development economics as well as his immense contributions to the United Nation's effort to achieve a fairer international economic order.